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This is a list of how other franchises and legends influenced or were referenced by characters, creatures, locations, magic, and items in the Winx Club franchise.

Characters

Character Franchise Source of Inspiration Explanation
From Winx Club
Introduced in Season 1
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Bloom
Real Life
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Britney Spears
Bloom's appearance was modeled on singer Britney Spears[1]
Joanne Lee Bloom's personality was inspired by Joanne Lee, who is Iginio Straffi's wife as well as the Executive Producer for the Winx Club series[1]
Antonella Bloom's story as a character who was raised by an adoptive family was designed on that of a girl named Antonella whom Iginio Straffi had dated in university. Antonella had herself been raised by an adoptive family and who desired to know who her biological parents were[2]
Folklore Changelings Bloom being a fairy who was adopted non-magical humans when she was a baby might have been inspired by the legends of changelings, who in many legends all over the world were believed to be fairy children left in the place of human children stolen by fairies
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DC Comics
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Kal-El, who was given the human name of Clark Kent and who fights evil as a costumed superhero under the secret identity of Superman

Bloom shares many similarities with Kal-El, who is the last survivor from his home world, Krypton, which was destroyed in when the planet exploded. Superman's biological parents, Jor-El and Lara Lor-Van, died in the disaster.

Similarly, Bloom was the last survivor from her planet, Domino, which was destroyed when the Ancestral Witches attacked it. Bloom's biological parents, Oritel and Marion, disappeared during the disaster.

Kal-El's biological parents saved him from their planet's destruction by placing him in a rocket when he was a still a baby and sent him to Earth.

Bloom's biological elder sister, Daphne, saved her from her planet's destruction when she was still a baby by sending her to Earth through a magical portal.

The rocket containing baby Kal-El was found by Jonathan and Martha Kent, a married couple of human farmers from the small town of Smallville, Kansas in the United States of America on Earth. Jonathan and Martha adopted Kal-El, named him Clark Kent, and raised him as their own son.

Bloom was similarly found in a magical protective shield in a building on fire by Mike, a human firefighter, who adopted her together with his wife Vanessa, a human florist, and they raised her as their own daughter in the town of Gardenia, California, in the United States of America on Earth.

As he grew up, Kal-El/Clark Kent developed super powers because, being a alien from planet Krypton whose sun is red, his body absorbs radiation from the yellow sun of planet Earth and transforms it into superhuman abilities.

When Bloom grew up and she turned 16 years old, her magical powers started manifesting themselves, giving her magical superhuman abilities.

When he grew up, Kal-El/Clark Kent adopted the secret identity of Superman, who wears a primarily blue-colored costume, to fight evil

Similarly, when Bloom grew up, she became a fairy who transforms into a blue-colored fairy costume to fight evil.

In the "Legacy" episodes of Superman: The Animated Series, Superman is captured and temporarily turned evil by Darkseid, the God of Evil who rules over the planet Apokolips and wants to conquer the universe

Similarly, at the end of Season 2, Bloom is captured and temporarily turned evil by Lord Darkar, the ancient deity of pure darkness and evil of the Winx Club universe

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Harry Potter
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Harry Potter

Bloom might have been partially inspired by Harry Potter too. Just like how Bloom's biological parents disappeared when she was a baby, Harry's parents were killed when he was a baby by Lord Voldemort and lived as an ordinary boy with his aunt and uncle until he found out he was a wizard and joined the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

In the same way, Bloom's family disappeared when her kingdom was destroyed by the Ancestral Witches when she was a baby and she grew up with a family on Earth not knowing who she was and from where she came from until found out she was a Fairy when she met Stella and went to the Alfea School for Fairies in Magix.

Both Harry and Bloom eventually defeat and cause the deaths of the ones because of whom they lost their parents.

Harry's nemesis at school is Draco Malfoy, a cruel and very arrogant boy with very pale blond hair. Bloom's nemesis is Icy, a cruel and very arrogant girl with pale bluish white hair. Both Draco and Icy have sharp, pointed facial features.

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Marvel Comics
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Jean Grey as she appears in the Dark Phoenix Saga storyline

Jean Grey is a very powerful red-haired character and was the temporary vessel of the Phoenix Force, one of the oldest known cosmic entities of the Marvel Universe that represents life that has not yet been born and is an immortal, indestructible, and mutable manifestation of the prime universal force of life.

Bloom similarly is a powerful red-haired character who is the vessel of the Dragon's Flame, which represents creation and is the source of all magic and life.

Both Bloom and Jean at one point became evil. Bloom was turned into Dark Bloom by Darkar just like Jean Grey, as the Phoenix, was turned into the Dark Phoenix by Mastermind and the Hellfire Club.

The scene where Bloom heals herself from Darkar's spell and reverts back to her normal self from her Dark Bloom form after Sky speaks to her is similar to how Jean Grey temporarily reverts back to her normal self from her Dark Phoenix form after her boyfriend Scott Summers/Cyclops confronts her in "The Dark Phoenix Saga - Part III: The Dark Phoenix" of X-Men: The Animated Series.

A Song of Ice and Fire
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Daenerys Targaryen

Daenerys is a dragon princess who comes from House Targaryen, an ancient dynasty closely associated with dragons and who were said to have dragon blood and to be able to control dragons. Shortly before the birth of Daenerys, her father, Aerys II Targaryen, the Mad King of the Seven Kingdoms, was overthrown and killed in a rebellion and most her family was killed as well. Her mother Queen Rhaella died while giving birth to her. Daenerys and her brother Viserys Targaryen then spent most of their lives in exile and after the death of Viserys, Daenerys becomes the last member of her family to still be alive and one of her greatest desires is to reconquer her family's kingdom.

Bloom is a dragon princess who comes from the dynasty of an ancient kingdom. The dynasty she belongs to is closely associated with the Great Dragon and its heirs possess a part of the Dragon's powers. When Bloom was a baby her kingdom was destroyed and her parents disappeared while her sister was "killed". She lived in exile on Earth. Her greatest desire was to find her parents until she finally restored her kingdom and saved her whole family.

The theme of A Song of Ice and Fire is considered by some of its fans to be a war of Ice against Fire. Similarly, the theme of the show in Season 1 is a fight of Fire, represented by Bloom, against Ice, represented by Icy.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
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Dorothy Gale

The design of Bloom's Believix dress and her two hair braids in her Believix form appear to have been inspired by the dress of Dorothy from 1939 movie adaptation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
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Kiko

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Looney Tunes
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Bugs Bunny
Kiko's grey fur coloring from the earlier seasons had the same pattern as that of Bugs Bunny from the Looney Tunes cartoons
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Tiny Toon Adventures
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Buster Bunny
Kiko's blue fur coloring from the later seasons had the same pattern as that of Buster Bunny from the Tiny Toon Adventures cartoon
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Stella
Real Life
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Cameron Diaz
Stella's appearance was modeled on the retired actress Cameron Diaz[1]
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Star Wars
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Princess Leia Organa
Stella being ambushed by the servants of the Trix at the beginning of the first season is what led to the start of the events of Winx Club. This might have been inspired by how the Star Wars story started with the Princess Leia Organa being ambushed by Darth Vader.
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Flora
Real Life
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Jennifer Lopez
Flora's appearance was modeled on the actress Jennifer Lopez[1]
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Musa
Real Life
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Lucy Liu
Musa's appearance was modeled on the actress Lucy Liu[1]
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Tecna
Real Life
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P!nk
Tecna's appearance was modeled on American singer and songwriter P!nk[1]
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Riven
Tolkien's Legendarium
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Rivendell
Rivendell, which is a place featured in the The Lord of the Rings books of J.R.R. Tolkien, since it seems that many alphabets, characters, names, objects and places in the Winx Club universe were inspired from Tolkien's fictional universe. It was one of the last outposts of the Elves in Middle-Earth and where the lord Elrond resides. Rivendell itself is the English/Old English translation of Sindarin Elvish Imladris, meaning "Deep Valley of the Cleft".
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The Trix
Harry Potter
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Bellatrix Lestrange
A possible inspiration for the Trix themselves might have been the Death Eater Bellatrix Lestrange from the Harry Potter series, who was as cruel, pitiless and sadistic as the Trix and was fanatically devoted to Lord Voldemort, who killed Harry's parents, similarly to how the Trix worked for and wanted the approval of Valtor, who had a role to play in the disappearance of Bloom's parents. In the Harry Potter movie adaptations, Bellatrix appears to wear similar Gothic-styled clothes as the Trix.

However since the movie where Bellatrix first appeared was filmed many years after the first Winx Club season was aired, it is unknown if the appearance of the Trix had any influence on her appearance in the films or not.

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Icy
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Draco Malfoy
A possible inspiration for Icy might be Bellatrix's nephew Draco Malfoy. Both Icy and Draco have sharp and pointed features and very pale hair and are, respectively, Bloom's and Harry's nemeses in school.
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Professor Palladium
Tolkien's Legendarium
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Elves
Professor Palladium looks like and might have been inspired by the Elves depicted in the The Lord of the Rings books and the movie adaptations of The Lord of the Rings, both in his having pointed ears, his hairstyle and his facial appearance. It could be that he was inspired by them, or that he is, in fact, a tribute to The Lord of the Rings, which is considered both as one of the foundations and a masterpiece in fantasy.
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Professor Wizgiz
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Harry Potter
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Professor Flitwick
Professor Wizgiz might have been inspired by the Professor Flitwick, the Charms teacher at Hogwarts from the Harry Potter series who, just like Wizgiz, is a tiny person who wears green clothes and is a very eccentric teacher.
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Professor Griselda
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Minerva McGonagall
Griselda's strict but caring personality and her loyalty to Faragonda appear to have been inspired by Professor McGonagall from Harry Potter
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Argus Filch
Griselda's extremely strict measures as the Head of Discipline of Alfea appears to have been inspired by those of Argus Filch from Harry Potter
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Headmistress Faragonda
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Albus Dumbledore
Her personality and role of helping Bloom on her quests is similar to that of Albus Dumbledore from the Harry Potter series

Her role as the headteacher of Alfea who was in the Company of Light which fought against the Ancestral Witches and Valtor appears to have been inspired by how Dumbledore was the Headmaster of Hogwarts and a member of the Order of the Phoenix whose goal was to fight against Lord Voldemort

Her battle with Valtor during Season 3 also reflects the battle between Dumbledore and Voldemort in the fifth book, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

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Star Wars
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Princess Leia Organa

During a flashback in Season 3, Faragonda's hairstyle consists of two buns on the sides of her head and covering each of her ears, similarly to the hairstyle of Princess Leia Organa from the Star Wars series
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Disney animated movies
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Madame Adelaide Bonfamille
Faragonda's appearance may have been inspired by that of Madame Adelaide Bonfamille from the Disney animated movie, The Aristocats. Faragonda's facial features, her hairstyle from Season 1 to Season 5, and how she regularly wears lavender-colored clothes are very similar to Madame Bonfamille's facial features, her hairstyle and her dressing style
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Headmistress Griffin

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Maleficent

The appearance of Headmistress Griffin was likely inspired by Maleficent from the Disney movie Sleeping Beauty

Both Griffin and Maleficent have green skin, wear purple and mauve robes and live in dark castles located in mountains

Both Maleficent's and Griffin's spells also appear in the form of green light

The Wizard of Oz
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The Wicked Witch of the West

Another likely inspiration for Griffin's appearance is the Wicked Witch of the West from the Wizard of Oz

Both Griffin and the Wicked Witch of the West have green skin, a pointy nose and wear long dark dresses

Griffin's pointy hair style also looks like the Wicked Witch's hat

Classical Mythology
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The Griffin
The Griffin is a legendary creature from Greek mythology depicted as having the body of a lion and the head, wings and front legs of an eagle. The griffin of Greek mythology was itself inspired by similar creatures from many other ancient mythologies, where they were thought to protect from evil, witchcraft and evil slander. In medieval folklore, its claws were said to have medicinal powers, and that its feathers the ability to give their sight back to the blind.
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The Ancestral Witches
Fairy tales Wicked Fairy Godmother The Ancestral Witches were probably inspired by the Wicked Fairy Godmother, also known by the name of Carabossa a figure in fairy tales. She is the witch who puts a curse on the princess and makes her fall into her hundred-year sleep in the Sleeping Beauty tale. She is depicted as an old, ugly and bad humpbacked woman.
Fairy tale witches The Ancestral Witches all look like typical folklore and fairy tale witches who are old humpbacked women with crooked noses and hands with sharp, pointy nails
Tolkien's Legendarium
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The Nazgûl

Another source of inspiration for the Ancestral Witches might have been the the Nazgûl as they appeared in the The Lord of the Ringsbooks and films: once powerful and made of flesh and bones like everyone else, but later becoming wraiths (the bodies of the Ancestresses apparently perished during their imprisonment in Obsidian, and were bound to continue existing in a ghost-like appearance).
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Daphne
Greek Mythology
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The Nymph Daphne
The nymph Daphne was the daughter of the River-God Ladon. Daphne was bound to never marry in her whole life because she was devoted to the goddess Artemis, but Artemis' twin brother Apollo fell in love with her and wanted to make her his bride. Daphne ran away from Apollo but she was too slow and begged her father to protect her, and was turned into a laurel tree
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The Great Dragon

Tolkien's Legandarium The Secret Fire Since the Great Dragon was the life-giver of the Magic Dimension and its opposite, the Shadow Phoenix, was possibly inspired by Morgoth and Sauron from the The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien, it is possible the Dragon might have been partially been inspired by the Secret Fire, which is the heavenly power of creation that Morgoth wanted to capture to control all life, from Tolkien's book The Silmarillion. Like Morgoth, Darkar wanted to capture the power of the Great Dragon so he could conquer the whole Magic Dimension.
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Marvel Comics
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The Phoenix Force

The Great Dragon and the power of the Dragon's Flame were probably inspired from the Phoenix Force of the Marvel Comics which is described as one of the oldest known cosmic entities, representing life that has not yet been born. The Phoenix Force is an immortal, indestructible, and mutable manifestation of the prime universal force of life. Born of the void between states of being, the Phoenix Force is a child of the universe.

Another similarity is that Bloom is the vessel of the Dragon's Flame and Jean Grey temporarily served as a vessel for the Phoenix Force and Bloom was turned into Dark Bloom by Darkar just like Jean Grey, as the Phoenix, was turned into the Dark Phoenix by Mastermind and the Hellfire Club

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Transformers
Primus Primus is an ancient good God of Light who originated at the dawn of the universe

Similarly, the Great Dragon is an ancient deity of light and life who originated at the dawn of the universe

Primus' twin brother is the God of Chaos, Unicron, who is also his opposite, with Primus representing good and order while Unicron represents evil and chaos, and their continued existence is considered necessary for the existence of the universe.

Primus later became the planet Cybertron, the home world of the Transformers, and his name is invoked religiously by both the Autobot and the Decepticon factions of the Transformers.

Similarly, the Great Dragon's opposite is the Shadow Phoenix, with the Great Dragon representing light and good while the Shadow Phoenix represents darkness and evil, and Professor Wizgiz implied in Season 2 that their continued existence is necessary for the balance of the universe.

The Great Dragon later went to rest on the planet of Domino, and its name is invoked with high respect by both the Fairies and the Witches.

The essence of Primus is contained in the Matrix of Leadership, which Unicron seeks to obtain so he can reach his goals.

Similarly, the essence of the Great Dragon is the Dragon's Flame, which the Shadow Phoenix seeks so it can reach its goals.

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Queen Luna

Classical Mythology
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Luna

Luna is the Latin and Italian word for the Moon, as well as the name of the Goddess of the Moon in Roman Mythology.
Introduced in Season 2
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Erendor
Tolkien's Legendarium Eärendur Erendor's name was likely inspired by the name Eärendur, which is the name of several characters appearing in The Lord of the Rings and other books by J.R.R. Tolkien
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Aisha
Real Life
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Beyoncé
Aisha's appearance was modeled on singer Beyoncé[1]
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Zing
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Marvel Comics
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Spider-Man
Zing has transformed into Spider-Man from Marvel Comics
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Doctor Octopus
Zing has transformed into Doctor Octopus from Marvel Comics
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Harry Potter
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Remus Lupin

Zing has transformed into Remus Lupin from Harry Potter
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Pirates of the Caribbean
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Captain Jack Sparrow
Zing has transformed into Captain Jack Sparrow from Pirates of the Caribbean
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Ice Age
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Scrat
Zing has transformed into Scrat from Ice Age
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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
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Wicked Witch of the West
Zing has transformed into Wicked Witch of the West from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
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Predator Blain Cooper Zing has transformed into Blain Cooper from Predator
Back to the Future
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Dr. Emmett Brown
Zing has transformed into Dr. Emmett Brown from Back to the Future
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Braveheart
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William Wallace
Zing has transformed into William Wallace from Braveheart
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Mortal Kombat Scorpion Zing has transformed into Scorpion from Mortal Kombat
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Jubei-chan: The Ninja Girl Jubei-chan Zing has transformed into Jubei-chan from Jubei-chan: The Ninja Girl
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Lord Darkar
Tolkien's legendarium Morgoth Lord Darkar's appearance is similar to that of Sauron and Morgoth in the The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion books of J.R.R. Tolkien, especially to how Sauron appeared in the The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of The Ring movie adaptation, wearing/his body being like a dark armor. Even Darkar's role in Winx Club is somewhat similar to that of Morgoth and of Sauron in the world of Tolkien in the following ways:

In the Cinélume Version, Darkar caused the destruction of Domino by sending his servers, the Ancestral Witches there to claim the Dragon Fire, just like Morgoth caused the destruction of the Realms of the Elves and of Men in The Silmarillion, and Sauron caused the Downfall of Númenor in The Silmarillion by corrupting the minds of the people of that Kingdom.

Darkar's ability to change his appearance recalls the ability of both Morgoth and Sauron to transform themselves at will.

The Gloomix that Darkar gave the Trix also recalls the Rings of Power that Sauron gave to the different peoples of Middle-earth to make them stronger, but to turn them into his slaves as well.

Darkar's servers, the Ancestral Witches somewhat resemble the Nazgûl as they appeared in the The Lord of the Rings books and films: once powerful and made of flesh and bones like everyone else, but later becoming wraiths (the bodies of the Ancestresses apparently perished during their imprisonment in Obsidian, and were bound to continue existing in a ghost-like appearance).

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Sauron
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Transformers
Unicron Unicron is an ancient evil God of Chaos who originated at the dawn of the universe and whose goal is to consume the whole universe until there is nothing left around him except the void.

Similarly, Darkar is an ancient maleficent deity who originated from the void before the creation of the Magic Dimension and who absorbs and consumes all energy.

Unicron's twin brother is Primus, who is also his opposite, with Unicron representing evil and chaos while Primus represents good and order, and their continued existence is necessary for the stability of the universe. Primus later became the planet of Cybertron, the home world of the Transformers, and his name is invoked religiously by both the Autobot and the Decepticon factions of the Transformers.

Similarly, Darkar's equal and opposite is the Great Dragon, with Darkar representing evil and darkness while the Great Dragon represents good and light, and Professor Wizgiz implied in Season 2 that their continued existence is necessary for the balance of the universe. The Great Dragon later went to rest on the planet of Domino, and it is invoked with high respect by both the Fairies and the Witches.

Both Unicron and Darkar make deals with less powerful beings, giving them great power in exchange for their servitude

Unicron has sent his heralds to attack Cybertron so he can destroy the Matrix of Leadership, which contains the essence of Primus, the only thing which stands in Unicron's way.

Darkar similarly sent his servants to attack Domino so he can obtain the essence of the Great Dragon

Both Darkar and Unicron have the ability to change their appearance and both have at least one robot-like form.

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DC Comics
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Darkseid (especially the the version of Darkseid from the DC Animated Universe)

Darkseid is an ancient God of Evil whose goal is to acquire a power called the Anti-Life Equation which will allow him to rule the whole Universe.

Darkar is an ancient deity of evil whose goal is to acquire the Ultimate Power of the Relix Dimension which will allow him to rule the whole Universe.

In the "Legacy" episodes of Superman: The Animated Series, Darkseid temporarily brainwashes Superman and turns him evil.

In Season 2, similarly, Darkar temporarily captured Bloom and turned her evil.

Chinese Mythology
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The Chinese Phoenix
In Chinese Mythology, the Phoenix is a legendary bird symbolizing virtue and grace and which is associated with royalty. Its counterpart is the Chinese Dragon and the pairing of the Phoenix and the Dragon in Chinese tradition is said to represent the Yin and Yang.

Professor Wizgiz similarly said in one of his classes that good energy and evil energy exist in a balance similar to the Yin and the Yang. This was possibly a suggestion that the powers of the Shadow Phoenix and the Fire Dragon exist in complete balance like the Yin and the Yang.

Classical Mythology
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The Greek Phoenix
In Greek Mythology, the Phoenix is an extremely long-lived bird that, when its life draws to a close, builds a nest of spices where it burns itself and is then reborn as a young version of itself from its own ashes. Unlike the Chinese Phoenix, the Greek Phoenix is not associated with dragons.
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Concorda
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Star Wars
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Princess Leia
Concorda's hairstyle is similar to that of Princess Leia from the Star Wars Universe.
Classical Mythology
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The Goddess Concordia
Concorda's name comes from that of Concordia, the Roman Goddess of Agreement, Understanding and Marital Harmony. Her Greek counterpart is Harmonia, the immortal Goddess of Harmony and Concord. Her opposite is Discorda (the Greek Eris), who is the Goddess of Strife.
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Ninfea
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Nymphs
Ninfea's name is a variation of "Ninfa", the Italian word for Nymph. Nymphs are minor deities of Nature in Greek Mythology who are usually associated to trees, forests, rivers among others and who usually accompany the superior deities (the Gods and Goddesses).
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Athena
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The Goddess Athena
Athena (Αθήνα in Greek), also called Minerva by the Romans, is the goddess of war, civilization, wisdom, strength, strategy, crafts, justice and skill in Greek mythology. She is the patron of the Greek City of Athens, which was named in her honor.
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Discorda
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The Goddess Discordia
Her name comes from the Latin word Discordia, meaning strife which is as well the name by which the Romans called the Greek Goddess of Strife, Eris, when they adopted her into their pantheon. Her opposite is Concordia, the Goddess of Agreement, Understanding and Marital Harmony, called Harmonia by the Greeks.
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Livy
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The God Hermes
The wing anklets worn by Livy are a reference to the winged sandals worn by Hermes, who is the Messenger of the Gods in Greek Mythology, similarly to how Livy is the Pixie of Messages.
Harriet Porter
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Harry Potter
Harry Potter The Suits Gang make a reference to "Harriet Porter" (an obvious parody of Harry Potter), and then threatening to "send the girls back to Hagwars" (Hogwarts)
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The Patchamen
Science Ninja Team Gatchaman
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The Gatchaman team
The Patchamen seem to be a tribute to the team from Gatchaman (G-Force: Guardians of Space).

In the Cinélume version, they are called the Patchamen, so they directly reference the anime Science Ninja Team Gatchaman.

Their names (Ben, Bo, Junko, Jinpee, and Kyu) are a parody of the Gatchamen names: Ken, Jo, Jun, Jinpei, and Ryu (also known as Ace Goodheart, Dirk Daring, Agatha June, Hootow - replaced with Kyu the robot - and Peewee).

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Costumed Gardenia inhabitant
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Star Wars
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Darth Vader
One of the costumed inhabitants of Gardenia in the episode Hallowinx! was dressed like Darth Vader from Star Wars
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Costumed Gardenia inhabitant
Scream
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Ghostface
One of the costumed inhabitants of Gardenia in Hallowinx! was dressed like Ghostface from the Scream movies
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Costumed Gardenia inhabitants
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DC Comics
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Batman
The male costumed passerby in the episode Hallowinx! is dressed like Batman from DC Comics
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Catwoman
The female costumed passerby in the episode Hallowinx! is dressed like Catwoman from DC Comics
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Mitzi's driver
Mobile Suit Gundam
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Char Aznable
Mitzi's driver in the episode Hallowinx! was dressed like Char Aznable from Mobile Suit Gundam
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The boy from Gardenia
South Park
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Kenny McCormick
The dressing style of the boy in the raincoat walking in Gardenia in the episode Hallowinx! was a reference to Kenny McCormick from the adult cartoon South Park
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Kiki's Delivery Service
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Kiki the Witch
One of the costumed inhabitants of Gardenia in the episode Hallowinx! was dressed as Kiki the Witch from the movie Kiki's Delivery Service
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Mitzi's guest
Ogenki Clinic
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Doctor Sawaru Ogekuri
One of Mitzi's guests in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as the Dr. Sawaru Ogekuri from the adult manga Ogenki Clinic
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Mitzi's guest
Kill Bill
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Elle Driver
One of Mitzi's guests in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as Elle Driver from the movie Kill Bill: Volume 1
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Mitzi's guest
Witch Hunter Robin
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Robin Sena
One of Mitzi's guests in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as Robin Sena from the anime Witch Hunter Robin
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Mitzi's guest
Van Helsing
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Gabriel Van Helsing
One of Mitzi's guests was in the episode Hallowinx! costumed as Gabriel Van Helsing from the movie Van Helsing
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The cake delivery boy
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Marvel Comics
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Spider-Man
The cake delivery boy in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as Spider-Man from Marvel Comics
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Mitzi's guest
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Disney animated movies
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Chernabog

One of Mitzi's guests in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as Chernabog from the Disney movie Fantasia
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Mitzi's guest
A Nightmare on Elm Street
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Freddy Krueger
One of Mitzi's guests in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as Freddy Krueger from the A Nightmare on Elm Street movies
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Mitzi's guest
Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus
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Frankenstein's monster
One of Mitzi's guests in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as Frankenstein's monster from the novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus
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Mitzi's guest
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DC Comics
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Scarecrow
One of Mitzi's guests in the episode Hallowinx! was costumed as the villain Scarecrow from DC Comics
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Oritel
Tolkien's legendarium Orithil Oritel's name might be derived from the word Orithil, which means "Moon's Day" in Sindarin, one of the Elvish languages created by J.R.R. Tolkien for the universe of his books The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion.
Introduced in Season 3
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Valtor

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Marvel Comics
Valtorr Valtor's name might derived from Valtorr, a mystical deity with an armored snake-like appearance who appears in the fictional universe published by Marvel Comics
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Harry Potter
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Lord Voldemort
Valtor was involved in the disappearance of Bloom's parents just as Voldemort was responsible for the death of Harry Potter's parents. Though, unlike Voldemort, Valtor was not the direct cause of Oritel and Marion's disappearance and they even remained alive, unlike Harry Potter's parents.

Both Valtor and Voldemort disappeared when their nemeses were still babies only to return many years later when their respective enemies had grown up and become teenagers.

Valtor and Bloom share a connection through the Dragon Flame much like how Voldemort and Harry share a similar connection through their wands as well as through the piece of Voldemort's soul that was inside Harry.

Both Valtor and Voldemort were betrayed by someone who once fought alongside them and now lead a school that teaches dark magic whose inhabitants are mostly not evil. For Valtor, this was Griffin, headmistress of the Cloud Tower School for Witches whereas, for Voldemort, it was Igor Karkaroff, headmaster of the Durmstrang Institute.

In the episode "Alfea Under Siege," Valtor destroys the barrier surrounding Alfea in a similar style to how Voldemort destroys the barrier surrounding Hogwarts. Interestingly, this scene was exclusive to the final film, which came out after the series's third season, which could suggest that Valtor might have inspired part of Voldemort's portrayal in the films.

The Trix's love for Valtor was similar to Bellatrix Lestrange's love Voldemort, though the Trix later betray Valtor, whereas Bellatrix remains loyal to Voldemort.

Valtor's Mark bears resemblance to Voldemort's Dark Mark. In both cases, those who serve them have their marks placed on their bodies with Voldemort's Dark Mark appearing on the arms while Valtor's Mark appears on the neck. Also, whenever either Valtor or Voldemort accomplish something important for their goals, their marks can be seen in the sky.

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Disney animated movies
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Chernabog

Valtor's demon form is similar to the look of Chernabog from Disney's Fantasia

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Countess Cassandra
Greek Mythology Cassandra Countess Cassandra derives her name from Cassandra, daughter to King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy from Greek Mythology.

According to the mythos of Ancient Greece, Cassandra obtained the Gift of Prophecy from the Sun God Apollo when she promised to become his bride. However, Cassandra refused him upon receiving the Gift, causing Apollo to curse her, making it so nobody would believe any of her foretellings of the future. As a result, when Cassandra foresees the Destruction of Troy, which includes the trap of the Trojan Horse, as well as her own death, no one in the kingdom believes her, obviously leading to the Greeks besieging Troy.

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Chimera
Chimera In Greek Mythology, Chimera was a fire-breathing female creature that composed of the parts of multiple animals: upon the body of a Lioness with a tail that ended in a snake's head, the head of a goat arose on her back at the center of her spine. The Chimera was one of the offspring of Typhon and Echidna and a sibling of such monsters as Cerberus and the Lernaean Hydra. The term chimera has also come to mean an impossible or foolish fantasy or something that is hard to believe.
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Queen Niobe
Greek Mythology Niobe Niobe's name comes from the character of the same name from Greek Mythology, who was the daughter of the King Tantalus and was turned into stone after she was punished by the Gods Apollo and Artemis for her arrogance.
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The Royal Guards of Solaria
Real Life
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The Pontifical Swiss Guard
The appearance of the royal guards of Solaria is based on that of the Pontifical Swiss Guard, which functions as the bodyguard of the Pope.
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Nabu
Mesopotamian Mythology The God Nabu The God Nabu was the God of Wisdom and Writing and the Patron God of Scribes in Babylonian mythology
Introduced in Winx Club: The Secret of the Lost Kingdom
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Peg
Greek Mythology
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Pegasus
Peg and his name were inspired by Pegasus, a divine winged horse from Greek Mythology
Legends Pegacorns Peg in his transformed form is a Pegacorn, a winged unicorn found in many legends
Introduced in Season 4
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Artu
Celtic Mythology
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King Arthur
Artu is the abbreviation of the name "Artùro", which is the Italian version of the name Arthur, perhaps as a reference to the Arthurian Legend, as references to the legend of King Arthur have been made many times in Season 4
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Star Wars
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R2-D2

Artu's name might also be a reference to Star Wars character R2-D2, who is often to referred to as Artoo, similarly to how Marvel Comics character Captain Marvel/Carol Danvers has a pet cat named Chewie after Star Wars character Chewbacca
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Morgana

Celtic Mythology
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Morgan le Fay

A very likely inspiration for Morgana might be Morgan le Fay from the Arthurian Legend who was described as a sorceress/fay (fairy) with formidable powers and who was the enemy of King Arthur and was ever plotting the downfall of humanity (similar to Morgana's Great Revenge against the humans after the Winx freed her), as references to the Arthurian Legend were made when Faragonda was telling the Winx the story of the Earth Fairies (one of the images Faragonda showed to the Winx depicted the Lady of the Lake, who has often been associated with Morgan le Fay, holding Excalibur). Morgan le Fay was said to have the power of raising castles over the sea and to control the winds, hence the common expression Fata Morgana for mirages commonly seen off the coast of Sicily which were attributed to her.
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Nebula
Real Life
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Nebulas
A nebula is an interstellar cloud of various gases and dust. It also used to be used as general term for any unidentified object in space.
Classical Mythology
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The Goddess Nemesis

The word nebula itself means cloud in Latin, which could be a reference to the Greek Goddess of Revenge, Nemesis, who was duty-bound to give humans divine punishment of the Gods. As a goddess, Nemesis lived above the clouds on Mount Olympus.

Nemesis' role as a divine punisher could have also been the basis for Nebula's insatiable thirst for vengeance upon being freed.

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The Ethereal Fairies
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The Fates
The Ethereal Fairies are inspired by the Moirai or the Fates, who in Greek Mythology were the incarnations of destiny. They controlled the mother thread of life of every mortal from birth to death. They were independent, at the helm of necessity, directed fate, and watched that the fate assigned to every being by eternal laws might take its course without obstruction.

Just as each Ethereal Fairy possesses a Gift of Destiny, so to does each Fate have a tool for the thread of life.

Aether Aether is the name of the substance considered by the ancient Greeks to be one of the five elements making the universe. It was thought by them to fill the regions above the Earth's atmosphere, to be what space and most celestial objects were made of, and to be the medium in which the Greek gods lived.
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Diana
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The Goddess Diana

Diana's name comes from the Roman Goddess Diana. She is the Goddess of the Hunt and the Moon who was associated with wild animals and wildlands, hence the Winx Club Diana's power.
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Aurora
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Aurora

In Roman Mythology, Aurora is the Goddess of Dawn, who flies across the sky every morning to announce the arrival of her brother, Helios, the God of the Sun. Her Greek counterpart, Eos, runs a flying chariot across the sky and is the generatrix of all stars and planets.

This possibly served as the main source of inspiration for Winx Club's Aurora being given a flying Frost Tower, which was first seen among the stars in the upper atmosphere of Earth.

Real Life
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Auroras

The Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis are phenomena that occur in polar regions as colorful lights in the sky, which may relate back to Aurora being the Major Fairy of the North, since she lives in polar regions.
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Sibylla
Classical Mythology
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The Cumaean Sibyl
The name Sibylla is a reference to the Cumaean Sibyl of Roman Mythology, who was a priestess of the God Apollo and who presided over the Apollonian Oracle in a cave at Cumae, near Naples in Italy. She later became the most famous of all Sibyls during the Roman Empire.
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Lady Justice
Lady Justice, the Roman goddess of Justice, is considered to be absolutely impartial and her depictions show her blindfolded while holding a balance and a double-edged sword to represent this.
Introduced in Season 5
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King Neptune
Classical Mythology
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The God Poseidon/Neptune
According to Roman mythology, Neptune is the God of the Sea. The Greek equivalent of Neptune, Poseidon, is married to Amphitrite, a Nereid nymph, one of the fifty daughters of the God Nereus, and with her had a son: the marine God Triton, who is half-man half-fish. Amphitrite also has a sister named Galatea.
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Prince Nereus
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The God Nereus
According to Greek mythology, Nereus is a marine God. He is the son of Pontus, the Sea, and of Gaia, the Earth. He was sometimes called the Old Man of the Sea and with his wife is, Doris, who represented the bounty of the sea and who is an Oceanid nymph, one of the 3000 daughters of the God Oceanus, the World Ocean, and of the Goddess Tethys, the Mother of All Rivers and the Embodiment of all Waters of the World, who are both the children of Gaia and of Uranus, the Sky. With her he had fifty daughters, the nymphs called Nereids, with whom he lived in the Aegean Sea. Among them, Thetis was the mother of the Greek hero Achilles. Another of them is Amphitrite, the wife of Poseidon (the Greek equivalent of the Roman God Neptune), the God of the Sea, and Poseidon and Amphitrite were the parents of the half-man half-fish marine God Triton.
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Prince Tritannus

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The God Triton

Triton is a Marine God of Greek Mythology who is the son of Poseidon, the God of the Sea (whose Roman equivalent is named Neptune), and his wife Amphitrite, the Nereid sea nymph and daughter of the Sea God Nereus. Triton is depicted as being half-man half-fish, the tritons are his descendants and, like him, are also half-human half-fish. One of Amphitrite's 49 sisters is named Galatea. Like his father Poseidon, Triton also has a trident as weapon.
The Titans Tritannus' name might also have been inspired by the Titans, a race of primeval deities in Greek Mythology who are said to be immortal giants and who once used to rule the world until the God Zeus defeated them and proclaimed himself and his brothers and sisters as the new rulers of the world.
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Marvel Comics

Titannus Another influence on Tritannus and his name might have been Titannus, a fictional character from of the shape-shifting species called the Skrulls from Marvel Comics. After he underwent an experiment which gave him enhanced strength and healing factor, Titannus went on a rampage on his planet and later on other planets, eventually attacking Earth until he was confronted by the superhero team known as the Defenders.
Introduced in Season 6
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Guru

Dungeons & Dragons Wizard The appearance of Guru looks like a Wizard from the Dungeons & Dragons game.
Real Life Gurus from Indian religions Guru's name comes from the ancient Indian Sanskrit language word Guru, which is the name for spiritual teachers found in many Indian religions.
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Thoren
Tolkien's legendarium
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Thorin Oakenshield
Thoren's name may be based on Thorin Oakenshield, a King of the Dwarves from J.R.R. Tolkien's book The Hobbit.

The name Thorin is itself an Old Norse language name representing the Norse God Thor.

Norse mythology
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Thor

Thoren's name and appearance might have also been inspired by Thor, the God of Thunder, Lightning and Storms of Norse mythology, who wields a magical hammer named Mjölnir as his weapon.
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Marvel Comics
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Thor

Alternatively, Thoren might have been inspired by the Marvel Comics superhero Thor, who is a re-imagination of the Norse God Thor as a superhero and who also uses the magical hammer Mjolnir as his weapon
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Acheron
Classical Mythology The River Acheron According to Greek mythology, the Acheron is one of the five rivers of the Greek Underworld. The spirits of the dead had to cross the Acheron on a boat to enter the Underworld.
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The Hawk Spirit
Egyptian Mythology
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The God Ra
The appearance of the Hawk Spirit is based on those of the Ancient Egyptian hawk-headed Gods such as Ra
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The God Horus
The appearance of the Hawk Spirit is based on those of the Ancient Egyptian hawk-headed Gods such as Horus
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The Snow Queen
Fairy Tales
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The Snow Queen

The Snow Queen is a fairy tale written by Hans Christian Andersen.

In The Snow Queen tale, a piece of an evil mirror enters in the heart of a boy named Kai and turns him evil, and the Snow Queen then takes him with her in her carriage to her palace. Icy, as the Snow Queen, similarly freezes Helia's heart and does evil deeds.

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The Minotaur

Classical Mythology The Minotaur According to Greek Mythology, the Minotaur was a part-man part-bull monster imprisoned by Minos, the King of Crete, in a giant maze called the Labyrinth until it was killed by the hero Theseus
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Ariadne

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Princess Ariadne
According to Greek Mythology, Ariadne was the princess of the island of Crete and the daughter of the King of Crete, Minos. Because of a war, the Greek city of Athens was forced to sacrifice seven young men and seven young women to the Minitaur, a part-man and part-bull monster imprisoned by Minos at the center of a giant maze called the Labyrinth. One year, Theseus, the son of Aegeus, the King of Athens, decided to go to Crete to kill the Minotaur disguised as one of the young men to be sacrificed. Ariadne fell in love with Theseus and gave him a sword and a ball of thread. Theseus used the thread to find his way in the Labyrinth and killed the Minotaur.
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Gargantua
Fairy tales Gargantua The giant Gargantua is a character from, Gargantua and Pantagruel, a set of five novels written in the sixteenth century by François Rabelais in French which tells the story of two giants: a father, Gargantua and his son Pantagruel, and their adventures, written in a satirical, entertaining and extravagant. Both are two great giants and wolverines
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Frankenstein's Monster
Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus
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Frankenstein's Monster
Frankenstein's Monster is the character of the novel Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus written in 1818 by Mary Shelley. Frankenstein's Monster has since then become a very popular character.
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The Bride of Frankenstein
Bride of Frankenstein
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The Bride of Frankenstein
The Bride of Frankenstein is a character from the movie Bride of Frankenstein, where Henry Frankenstein creates a female monster to be the mate of his creature
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Pirate Zombies
Pirates of the Caribbean
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The Cursed Crew of the Black Pearl
The Pirate Zombies might have been inspired by the cursed crew from Pirates of the Caribbean, whose members were cursed to live forever as undead people and would turn into living skeletons under the moonlight.
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Rumpelstiltskin
Fairy Tales
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Rumpelstiltskin
Rumpelstiltskin is the eponymous character of the German fairy tale Rumpelstiltskin, according to which Rumpelstiltskin is an imp who only comes to people looking for a trade.
Introduced in Season 7
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Squonk
American folklore
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Squonk
Squonk was inspired by the Squonk, a legendary creature of American folklore that lives in Pennsylvania in the United States. Deformed, avoid being seen by other animals; spends the whole day crying and when captured, they dissolved themselves in tears, thus escaping.
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Amarok
Inuit Mythology The Amarok Amarok was likely inspired by the, Amarok or Amaroq, a gigantic gray wolf in Inuit Mythology said to stalk and devour any person foolish enough to hunt alone at night. Unlike real wolves who hunt in packs, Amaroks hunt alone.
Introduced in Season 8
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Orion
Real Life
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The Orion constellation
The name Orion is derived from the real-life Orion constellation named after Orion, a giant hunter who, according to Greek mythology, was transformed into the constellation.
Shardbound
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Director Petra
Orion's appearance is very similar to and was likely inspired by the character of Director Petra from the game Shardbound.
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The Shaman Witch
Real Life
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Maria Franz
The appearance of the Shaman Witch is very similar to and was very likely based on the shaman costume of the singer Maria Franz from the folk music band Heilung.
From PopPixie
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Justin Nimble
Real Life
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Justin Bieber
Justin Nimble is a parody of the Canadian singer-songwriter, musician and actor Justin Bieber
Steven Appleman Real Life
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Steve Jobs
The unseen PopPixie character Steven Appleman's name is a reference to Steve Jobs, who was a co-founder and the chairman of the famous technology company Apple Inc.
David Peckham Real Life
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David Beckham
The unseen PopPixie character David Peckham's name is a reference to the real-life famous soccer player David Beckham
Martha Ray Dean Real Life
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Paula Deen
The unseen PopPixie character Martha Ray Dean's name is a reference to the real-life chef Paula Deen
From World of Winx
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Peter Pan/Peter Barrie
Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up Peter Pan Peter Pan was very obviously inspired by the fictional character of the same name created by the novelist J.M. Barrie and who is the main character of the novel Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up
J.M. Barrie Peter's and Matt's last name in World of Winx, Barrie, is derived from the last name of Peter's creator, J.M. Barrie
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Matt Barrie
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Jim
Captain Hook Jim is based on Captain Hook, the main antagonist in J.M. Barrie's story Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up
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Crocodile Man
The Crocodile of Neverland The Crocodile Man is based on the crocodile from J.M. Barrie's story Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up
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Mermaids
The mermaids of Neverland The mermaids in World of Winx are based on the mermaids of Neverland from J.M. Barrie's story Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up
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Smee
Mr. Smee Smee is based on Mr. Smee, the boatswain of Captain Hook in J.M. Barrie's novel Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up
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Tiger Lily
Tiger Lily In Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, Tiger Lily is the princess of the Piccaninny tribe living on the island of Neverland. She is apparently old enough to be married, but she refuses any suitors because she desires Peter Pan over all. She is jealous of Wendy and Tinker Bell. Tiger Lily is nearly killed by Captain Hook when she is seen boarding the Jolly Roger with a knife in her mouth, but Peter saves her. In the earlier versions of Peter Pan, it is assumed that she disapproves of Wendy and even Tinker Bell at one point because of her envy.
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Tinkerbell

Tinker Bell Tinker Bell is based on Tinker Bell, a fairy character from James Matthew Barrie's story Peter Pan.
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Disney Animated Movies
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Disney's Tinker Bell
Tinkerbell's appearance is based on the appearance of the Disney adaptation of Tinker Bell. Her elf-like pointed ears are based on Disney's Tinker Bell's pointed ears.

Tinkerbell in her corrupted dark form has the same hair style as the Disney version of Tinker Bell and her dress, minus the wing-like parts, has the same design as the green dress of Disney's Tinker Bell.

Tinkerbell in her normal form has pale blonde hair just like Disney's Tinker Bell and her skirt is loosely modeled on the leaf-like skirt Disney's Tinker Bell sometimes wears. The nickname given to her by the Winx, Tink, is how she is casually called by the other fairies in the Disney movie Tinker Bell.

Spella McCartney Real Life
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Stella McCartney
Spella McCartney is a parody of real-life fashion designer Stella McCartney
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Spella McCarter
Spella McCarter is a parody of real-life fashion designer Stella McCartney
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The Spirit of the World of Dreams
Classical Mythology Dryads She is likely inspired by dryads who, according to Greek mythology, are wood nymphs who are linked to their forests and if the forest died, they would die with it.
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Banshee
Celtic Mythology
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Banshees
The Banshee is a type of fairy in Irish mythology and folklore, who shrieks or keens to herald the death of a family member.
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Baba Yaga
Slavic folklore
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Baba Yaga
Baba Yaga is a ferocious old witch from Slavic folklore who rides around on a mortar, wields a pestle, and lives in a hut deep within a forest that stands on chicken legs. In the tale of The Maiden Tsar, Baba Yaga has two sisters who share her name.
Fairy tales Fairy tale witches Venomya's real form as Baba Yaga, like the Ancestral Witches, is inspired by traditional depictions of witches from European folklore as old humpbacked women with wrinkly skin and long claw-like nails who wear long black dresses and pointed hats
From the Comics
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Lamya
Classical mythology Lamia Lamya and her name were inspired by Lamia, a figure from Greek Mythology who was the daughter of the legendary King Belus of Egypt and the Queen Lybie of Libya. Lamia was beloved by the King of the Gods Zeus. Zeus's jealous wife, Hera, destroyed Lamia's children as punishment and turned her into a part-snake creature who stole children to kill them and seduced young men before eating them. According to some versions of the legend of Lamia, she wore a snake on her forehead.
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Circe

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The Goddess Circe

Circe is inspired by the Goddess of Magic or sorceress nymph Circe from Greek Mythology, who was the daughter of the Sun God Helios and the Goddess of Magic Hecate.

Circe would transform those who offended her into animals and the legend most famously associated to her is part of the Greek mythological poem, The Odyssey, where the Odysseus lands on her island and she invites members of his ship's crew to a feast before turning them into pigs. With the help of the God Hermes and the Goddess Athena, Odysseus resisted Circe's magic and forced her to turn back his ship's crew into humans. When Odysseus left Circe's island, she advised him how to return to his home.

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Charybdis

The Monster Charybdis Charybdis was inspired by Charybdis, from Greek Mythology, who was a daughter of the Sea God Poseidon and the Earth Goddess Gaia. As punishment for supporting her father in a war against him, the King of the Gods, Poseidon's brother and Charybdis's uncle, Zeus, chained her to the bottom of the ocean and cursed her so she would become a monster with an uncontrollable thirst, which caused her to create large whirlpools when she drank sea water to quench her thirst. Charybdis was believed to live under a small rock on one side of a channel opposite to another dangerous monster, Scylla. Charybdis and Scylla were both very dangerous for ships who passed to close to them, and the channel they were located in was so narrow that sailors would be caught by one of them when they tried to avoid the other.

According to the Greek mythological poem, The Odyssey, after leaving the island of Circe, the hero Odysseus had to pass through the channel of Scylla and Charybdis and he chose to avoid Charybdis and pass near Scylla since Scylla was less dangerous.

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Scylla

The Monster Scylla Scylla was inspired by Scylla from Greek Mythology, a Naiad (a nymph of freshwater). The Sea God Glaucus loved Scylla, but the Sorceress Goddess Circe loved Glaucus and was jealous of Scylla, and transformed Scylla into a horrible monster out of jealousy. Scylla's monster form had four eyes, six snaky heads, twelve tentacle-like legs, a cat's tail, and six dog heads on her waist which would each eat a crew member from each ship which passed near her. Scylla was believed to live on one side of a channel opposite to another dangerous monster, Charybdis. Charybdis and Scylla were both very dangerous for ships who passed to close to them, and the channel they were located in was so narrow that sailors would be caught by one of them when they tried to avoid the other.

According to the Greek mythological poem, The Odyssey, after leaving the island of Circe, the hero Odysseus had to pass through the channel of Scylla and Charybdis and he chose to avoid Charybdis and pass near Scylla since Scylla was less dangerous.

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Morwen
Tolkien's legendarium Morwen Queen Morwen possibly gets her name from Morwen, a tragic character from J. R. R. Tolkien's book, The Silmarillion, who is one of the ancient humans from the ancient era known as the First Age, and was the wife of the hero Húrin Thalion, with whom she had three children: Túrin Turambar (one of the main heroes of The Silmarillion), Lalaith and Niënor Níniel.

The name "Morwen" itself means "Dark Maiden" in Sindarin, one of the many Elvish languages spoken by the Elves in the fictional world created by English writer J. R. R. Tolkien and featuring in his The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion books.

According to Tolkien's writings, Morwen was tall, dark-haired and beautiful, and because of this people called her "Eledhwen", which means "Elfsheen" or "Elf-Maiden" even though she was a human.

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Mitril

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Mithril

Mitril's name is derived from Mithril, a fictional silver-like metal which appears in The Lord of the Rings books by J. R. R. Tolkien
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The Fossegrim
Scandinavian folklore The Fossegrim The Fossegrim, according to Scandinavian folklore, is a water spirit or troll who roams rivers playing a fiddle. An exceptionally talented fiddler, the Fossegrim is known for playing the sounds of the forest, wind and water on the strings of his fiddle.
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Maeve
Celtic Mythology
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Banshees
The Banshee is a type of fairy in Irish mythology and folklore, who shrieks or keens to herald the death of a family member.
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Celsius
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Disney animated movies
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Jafar
Celsius' appearance and motives appear to have been modeled on Jafar from the Disney animated movie Aladdin.
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The transformed inhabitants of Gardenia
The Flintstones
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The prehistoric humans
The clothes the inhabitants of Gardenia wear after they are transformed by Arzach are based on those worn by the characters from The Flintstones.
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Headmaster Ozeris
Egyptian Mythology
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The God Osiris
Ozeris's name was probably inspired by the name of Osiris, who was the God of fertility, alcohol, agriculture, the afterlife, the dead, resurrection, life, and vegetation in Ancient Egypt.
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The Ginkgo Spirit
Greek Mythology Dryads The Ginkgo Spirit most likely draws inspiration from nymphs of Greek Mythology, as nymphs are regarded as minor deities associated with different aspects of nature ranging from streams and wells to trees.

More specifically, she may be based on a dryad: a nymph or spirit heavily associated with trees. Their lives are connected to the tree they are bound to and, thus, they will punish anyone who tries to harm their tree but, if their lives are cut short due to a mortal, then the gods will carry out divine punishment in their stead.

Species and Creatures

Winx Club Character Franchise Source of Inspiration Explanation
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Fairies
European folklore
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Fairies
Fairies originate in European folklore, especially from Celtic mythology, Germanic mythology and Slavic mythologies and from English folklore and French folklore folklore, where they appear like human-like supernatural spirits or beings. In older legends about fairies, they were powerful beings who humans had to appease or seek protection from, and the modern depiction of fairies as cheerful beings with wings started only in the Victorian Era of British history.
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Elves

Scandinavian folklore Elves Elves were supernatural beings with a human-like appearance and magical powers from Scandinavian folklore who in later periods became associated with Fairies in popular legends.
Tolkien's legendarium
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Elves

Their appearance and light-based powers seems to have been inspired from the Elves from The Lord of the Rings books of J.R.R. Tolkien.
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Leprechauns
Celtic Mythology
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Leprechauns
In Irish folklore, Leprechauns are fairies usually depicted as little bearded men, with their modern image depicting them as having a red beard and a green hat and vest. Leprechauns spend their time making and mending shoes, partaking in mischief, and possess a pot of gold at the end of a rainbow. If captured by a human, a Leprechaun often grants three wishes in exchange of their freedom.
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Witches
Real World Beliefs Witches Witches are people who practice witchcraft. Different places have different forms of witchcraft.

In European beliefs, witches were persecuted because believed to be evil practitioners of dark magic and servants of the Devil. Many tales and stories in which witches are evil were inspired by these beliefs, and the Witches in Winx Club were very likely inspired by these tales and stories.

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The Nymphs of Magix
Greek Mythology
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Nymphs
In Greek Mythology, Nymphs are minor nature deities associated with different aspects of nature.
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Undines
European folklore and occult
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Undines
Undines are found in European folklore as fairy-like spirits, and in alchemy works as water elementals (Elementals are mythological beings appearing in the alchemical works of the German scholar Paracelsus).
Greek Mythology
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Naiads
The Undines might also have been partially inspired by water nymphs known as Naiads from Greek mythology
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Red Willow
Tolkien's Legendarium
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Old Man Willow
In The Lord of the Rings, the Old Man Willow is an evil willow tree who can direct all paths towards him and tried to trap the hobbits by making them fall asleep. Samwise Gamgee and Frodo Baggins tried to burn Old Man Willow but he threatened to kill Pippin and Merry who he had trapped inside its roots. This is similar to how Red Willows on the Giant Turtle's back formed roads which all lead towards the Leader Red Willow who traps all travelers.
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Harry Potter
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Whomping Willow
The aggressiveness of the Leader Red Willow towards all living creatures who come across it is also similar to that of the Whomping Willow from the Harry Potter Series
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The Snow Monster
Folklore The Yeti The Snow Monster was likely inspired by the legendary creature called the Yeti or the Abominable Snowman, which is commonly depicted as a large furry ape-like creature living in the snowy regions of the Himalayas, Tibet and Siberia.
Real Life
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The Woolly Mammoth
The Snow Monster's tusks were likely inspired by those of the Woolly Mammoth which lived in the Ice Age
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Star Wars
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The wampa
The Snow Monster might also have been inspired by the wampa, an ape-like carnivorous creature with white fur from the Star Wars universe.
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Pixies
Celtic Mythology Pixies Pixies are beings from Cornish folklore related to fairies. According to traditions, pixies are small, child-like and mischievous beings.
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The Brute Monster
Alien
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The Xenomorph
The Brute Monster's appearance is very similar to that of a Xenomorph from the Alien franchise. However the Brute Monster does not have a crest and a tail like the Xenomorph
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The Hell Mastiff
Godzilla
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Anguirus
The Hell Mastiff's appearance is similar to that of Anguirus from the Godzilla franchise. However the Hell Mastiff has a shorter snout with a beak-like mouth and no tail unlike Anguirus
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Kerborg's Gregthroat form
Tolkien's Legendarium
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The Balrog
The appearance of Kerborg's Gregthroat form is based on that of the Balrog from The Lord of the Rings books

Similarly to how Kerborg serves the incarnation of absolute evil, Lord Darkar, the Balrogs served Morgoth, the first Dark Lord and the incarnation of evil in J.R.R. Tolkien's fantasy universe

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The Quetelizardia
Mesoamerican mythology The God Quetzalcoatl The Quetelizardia was partly inspired by Quetzalcoatl, a God from Mesoamerican mythology who was represented by a feathered snake
Mesoamerican Culture The wearing of Resplendent quetzal bird feathers Amentia's requirement that everyone who seeks an audience from her must wear Quetelizardia feathers was inspired by how nobles in ancient Mesoamerica wore feathers of the Resplendent quetzal bird, which was associated to Quetzalcoatl
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Mermaids
Myths and Legends
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Mermaids
Mermaids are aquatic beings who appear in folklore, myth and legends from all over the world with the upper bodies of women and the lower bodies consisting of the tail of a fish.
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Mermaids
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Mermaids
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Elves
English Literature
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Elves
The Elves in Pop Pixie are inspired by the Elves from William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream, who were depicted as small magical beings, and by the Elves from 19th century literature, which imagined them as small demonic beings who made humans fall ill.
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Gnomes
European Folklore Gnomes Gnomes are legendary creatures found in European folklore where they are most usually depicted as small human-like beings who live underground.
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The Kraken
Scandinavian folklore
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The Kraken
The Kraken is a legendary sea monster from Scandinavian folklore said to dwell off the coasts of Greenland and Norway and that were said to attack ships.
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Storm Harpies
Greek mythology
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The Harpies
The Harpies are creatures from Greek mythology depicted as women with wings or birds with the heads of women and who were sent to steal a king's food to keep him hungry for ever as a punishment from Zeus, the King of the Gods. They are the personification of the destructive nature of wind. The name comes from the Greek word for "snatcher".
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The Roc
Middle Eastern folklore
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The Roc
The Roc is a gigantic and legendary bird of prey from Arabian and Persian legends.
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The Dark Guardian
Celtic Mythology:
Scottish folklore
The Kelpie The Dark Guardian is based on a creature from Celtic mythology called the Kelpie. According to Scottish folklore, the Kelpie is a spirit living in water bodies whose real appearance is that of a large dark horse. The Kelpie can transform into a beautiful human to lure people into the water, where it reverts back into its original monstrous form and attacks the people and devours them.
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The Rustic Fairies
Classical Mythology Satyrs and Fauns The Rustic Fairies were most likely inspired from the Satyrs of Greek Mythology and the Fauns of Roman Mythology.
Fairy tales and Folklore Fairy Rings In their debut, the Rustic Fairies were seen dancing in a circle. According to legend, fairy rings are formed when the fairies' dancing at night causes grass to burn and form circles of toadstools.
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Vampires
Eastern Europe and Balkans folklore Vampires According to folklore from Eastern Europe and the Balkans, vampires were undead people who subsisted on the life essence (often in the form of blood) of the living and visited the living people with whom they once lived, causing mayhem and deaths. Modern vampire tales are derived from these tales but are not exactly like the vampires from the old folk tales.
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The Mutant Jellyfish
Greek mythology
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The Gorgon Medusa
Since in Italian, the word "medusa" can refer both to a jellyfish and to the Gorgon Medusa who had the power to turn everyone who looked at her directly into stone, the scene where Stella reflects the petrifying beam of the mutant jellyfish and turns it to stone may be a reference to the legend of Perseus and Medusa in Greek mythology where Perseus looked at Medusa's reflection on his polished shield to behead Medusa.
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Tritons
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Tritons
According to Greek Mythology, tritons are a race of lesser mermaid-like half-human, half-fish deities descended from the God Triton, himself said to be half-fish and half-human, who is the son of Poseidon and Amphitrite, the God and Goddess of the Sea.
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Selkies
European folklore Selkies In Scottish/Irish and Faroese folklore, the Selkies are described as seal-men and seal-women, they live as seals underwater but have the ability to shed their skins to become human in land.
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Melusina
European folklore
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Melusine

According to European folklore, Melusine (or Melusina) was a legendary spirit of fresh water or a fairy. Melusine was half-snake from her waist down, and she married a nobleman only if he swore an oath to her to never look at her in her bath where she reveals her half-snake form. Melusine left the nobleman and flew away when he broke that oath.
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The Beast of the Depths
Clash of the Titans The Kraken The appearance of the Beast of the Depths is similar to that of the Kraken from the 2010 movie Clash of the Titans.
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Treants

Dungeons & Dragons

Treants Treants are humanoid-like tree creatures from the Dungeons & Dragons game.
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The Flying Basilisks
European folklore Basilisk The Basilisk is a legendary creature that looks like a snake and has a deadly glance.
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Harry Potter
Basilisks In the Harry Potter series, the Basilisks are also snakes with deadly stares, though when someone indirectly looked at its eyes it would have a petrifying effect instead.
European folklore Wyverns The Basilisk in Winx Club however looks more like a Wyvern, which is a dragon with only two legs and whose forelimbs are wings, than like the snake-like Basilisk of legends
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The Pandemonium Sprites
European folklore The rats from the Pied Piper of Hamelin Musa plays the flute and uses its music to lead the Pandemonium Sprites to the Pandemonium Cave. This is a reference to the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, who used his magic pipe to lure rats and later children from the town of Hamelin in Germany during the Middle Ages
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Mummies
Real Life Ancient Egyptian mummies In Ancient Egypt, the bodies of dead people were embalmed and mummified as part of their burial customs so that they would live well in the afterlife. Ancient Egyptians believed that the bodies of dead persons had to be preserved so that their souls would not die or suffer.
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The Sphinx
Ancient Egypt
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The Great Sphinx of Giza
In Egyptian mythology, the Sphinx is a powerful benevolent creature with the head of a man and the body of a lion who was considered as a guardian and often stone sphinxes were found at the entrance of temples.

The real Great Sphinx of Giza used to have a nose and a beard that were later broken. However the Sphinx in Winx Club seemed to never have had a nose since it has no scar on its face and it still has a beard.

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Chinese Dragons
Chinese Myhology
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Chinese dragons
Chinese dragons traditionally symbolize potent and auspicious powers, particularly control over water, rainfall, hurricane, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength, and good luck for people who are worthy of it, and the Emperor of China usually used the dragon as a symbol of his imperial power and strength.
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Children of the Night
Eastern European and Balkans folklore Vampires The Children of the Night are based on vampires from modern vampire tales.
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Ectoplasm Specter
Legends, Myths and Folklore Specters Specters are dead spirits, it is unknown who were they when they were alive.
The Paranormal Ectoplasm Ectoplasm is a substance or spiritual energy believed to be exteriorized by mediums.
Ghostbusters Ectoplasm More popularly, Ectoplasm is a slimy green substance produced by paranormal beings from the Ghostbusters franchise.
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Harry Potter
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Dementors
The appearance of the Ectoplasm Specters is similar to that of Dementors from Harry Potter
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Werewolves
European folklore Werewolves According to European folklore, Werewolves are people who can turn into wolves, either purposely or when places under a curse.

There are many different versions of werewolf legends across Europe. However, according to the most popular one, a human turns into a werewolf on full moon nights if they have been bitten by a werewolf previously, and they can only be killed using a silver weapon.

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Werewolves
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Centaurs
Greek mythology Centaurs Centaurs are legendary creatures with the upper bodies of humans and the lower bodies and legs of horses who originated in Greek mythology.
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Dark Elves
Fantasy Fiction Dark Elves Dark Elves are Elves who appear in many fantasy fiction works.
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Trolls
Norse mythology

Trolls

Trolls first appear in Norse mythology and the term is originally another name for Frost Giants but later, became a separate race of creatures in Scandinavian folklore, sometimes depicted as either as ugly and stupid man-eating creatures that turn to stone on being exposed to sunlight, or as being exactly like humans. In both cases they live far from human settlements and often overrun farms and kidnap people.
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Harry Potter
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Trolls
Trolls are magical creatures appearing in the Harry Potter series as large human like creatures that have an aggressive and unpredictable behavior.
Tolkien's Legendarium
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Trolls
Trolls also feature in the Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion books by J.R.R. Tolkien, where they appear as a large, monstrous and unintelligent humanoid race inhabiting Middle-earth who were created by the first Dark Lord, Morgoth, and served him and later served his greatest surviving servant, Sauron, after Morgoth was defeated.
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Forest Trolls
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Disney animated movies
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Trolls from Frozen
The Forest Trolls who appear in The Fire of the Phoenix have a very similar appearance to the Trolls from the Disney animated movie Frozen
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The Magix Dinosaur
Real Life
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The Tyrannosaurus rex
The dinosaur who appeared in A Friend from the Past was modeled on the Tyrannosaurus rex. Both it and the Tyrannosaurus rex were giant, two-legged meat-eating dinosaurs with small arms with only two fingers
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Ice Age
Mother Tyrannosaurus The mother dinosaur and her pup were possibly inspired from the Mother Tyrannosaurus who cared about her young from the Ice Age franchise
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The Cry-Cries
American folklore
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The Squonk
The Cry-Cries were inspired by the Squonk, a legendary creature of American folklore that lives in Pennsylvania in the United States. Deformed, avoid being seen by other animals; spends the whole day crying and when captured, they dissolved themselves in tears, thus escaping.
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Unicorns
Real World Legends
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Unicorns
The unicorn is a legendary animal that has been described since antiquity as a beast with a large, pointed, spiraling horn projecting from its forehead. In European folklore, the unicorn is often depicted as a white horse-like or goat-like animal with a long horn and cloven hooves (sometimes a goat's beard).

In the encyclopedias its horn was said to have the power to render poisoned water potable and to heal sickness. In medieval and Renaissance times, the tusk of the narwhal was sometimes sold as a unicorn horn.

This is shown when Elas tries to heal Mei Li with his horn, and when he is able to remove the Wild Magic from the river as well by using his horn.

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The Mutant Shark
Pacific Rim
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Slattern

The monster form of the shark mutated by Valtor is similar to that of Slattern from the Pacific Rim franchise. However the mutated shark has only one shark-like tail instead of multiple tentacle tails like Slattern
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Golem Monsters
Jewish folklore Golems According to Jewish folklore, a golem is an animated human-like being created using magic from mud or clay.
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Neverland's Tree of Life
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Disney Animated Movies
The Hangman's Tree The Tree of Life may be a reference to the Hangman's Tree, which is where Peter Pan and the Lost Boys live in the Disney movie Peter Pan.
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The Squonk
American folklore
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The Squonk
The Squonk was inspired by the Squonk, a legendary creature of American folklore that lives in Pennsylvania in the United States. Deformed, avoid being seen by other animals; spends the whole day crying and when captured, they dissolved themselves in tears, thus escaping.
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The Phoenix
Greek Mythology
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The Greek Phoenix
In Greek Mythology, the Phoenix is an extremely long-lived bird that, when its life draws to a close, builds a nest of spices where it burns itself and is then reborn as a young version of itself from its own ashes.

Magic

Winx Club Magic Franchise Source of Inspiration Explanation
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The Dragon's Flame

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Marvel Comics

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The Phoenix Force

The Great Dragon and the power of the Dragon's Flame were probably inspired from the Phoenix Force of the Marvel Comics which is described as one of the oldest known cosmic entities, representing life that has not yet been born. The Phoenix Force is an immortal, indestructible, and mutable manifestation of the prime universal force of life. Born of the void between states of being, the Phoenix Force is a child of the universe

Another similarity is that Bloom is the vessel of the Dragon's Flame and Jean Grey temporarily served as a vessel for the Phoenix Force and Bloom was turned into Dark Bloom by Darkar just like Jean Grey, as the Phoenix, was turned into the Dark Phoenix by Mastermind and the Hellfire Club.

Tolkien's Legandarium The Secret Fire Since the Great Dragon was the life-giver of the Magic Dimension and its opposite, the Shadow Phoenix, was possibly inspired by Morgoth and Sauron from the The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien, it is possible the Dragon might have been partially been inspired by the Secret Fire, which is the heavenly power of creation that Morgoth wanted to capture to control all life, from Tolkien's book The Silmarillion. Like Morgoth, Darkar wanted to capture the power of the Great Dragon so he could conquer the whole Magic Dimension.
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Lord Darkar's spells
Real-life Alphabet of the Magi Each time Lord Darkar uses his powers, dark red symbols can be seen in the air around his spells. These symbols are letters from the Alphabet of the Magi
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Valtor's spell to free the Trix from Limbo
In Season 8, when Valtor frees the Trix from the Limbo, bright symbols can be seen around his magic. These symbols are letters from the Alphabet of the Magi, which was used by real-life practitioners of the occult for inscriptions in talismans in the 17th century.
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Naiad's Attack
Greek Mythology Naiads In Greek Mythology, a Naiad (Ancient Greek: Ναϊάδες) is a type of female spirit, or nymph, presiding over fountains, wells, springs, streams, brooks, and other bodies of fresh water.
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Tentacles of Medusa
Medusa In Greek Mythology, Medusa was a Gorgon described as a woman with living venomous snakes in place of hair. Onlookers who saw Medusa's face directly would be turned to stone.
Mythix Sailor Moon Tecna's Mythix transformation sequence Part of Tecna’s transformation sequence resembles those from Sailor Moon and Sailor Moon Crystal
Butterflix Real Life Sunshine by Rainbow The background for the transformation as well as the dance sequence resembles that of the music video for K-Pop group Rainbow's song "Sunshine."
The Monarch Butterfly Dress The appearance of the Butterflix dress is similar to that of the Monarch Butterfly Dress created by the American fashion designer Luly Yang and might have been inspired by it.

Locations

Winx Club Location Franchise Source of Inspiration Explanation
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Gardenia
Real Life Gardena There is a real place in called "Gardena" in the southwestern corner of Los Angeles County, in southern California, in the United States of America.

However it is unknown whether the real-life Gardena was an inspiration for Gardenia or not

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Harry Potter
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Little Whinging
Bloom's hometown being named after a flowering plant might be a reference to how, in the Harry Potter series, the streets of the town of Little Whinging where Harry lives with his aunt are named after flowering plants, like Privet Drive, Magnolia Crescent, Magnolia Road and Wisteria Walk.
The Magic Dimension
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Star Wars
The Star Wars Universe The Star Wars universe. Both the Magic Dimension and the Star Wars universe take place in space opera settings taking place in outer space where futuristic weapons and extremely advanced technology are used.
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Harry Potter

The Wizarding world Both the Magic Dimension and the Wizarding world are magic worlds hidden from non-magical humans where their respective protagonists go to find out about their true powers and origins, attend school and fight against evil forces.
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Magix
Magix's three schools, Alfea, Cloud Tower and Red Fountain, might partly be based from the three wizarding schools of the Harry Potter books: Hogwarts, Beauxbatons and Durmstrang.

These three schools are the largest and most well-known magical schools of Europe, similarly to how Alfea, Cloud Tower and Red Fountain are the largest and most well-known magical schools of the Magic Dimension.

Durmstrang has a reputation for Dark Magic, similarly to how Cloud Tower's own reputation for dark magic.

Beauxbatons is an all-girls school (In the films, while in the books it's not a all-girls school) much like Alfea and Cloud Tower.

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Magix City
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Diagon Alley
Bloom stating in Welcome to Magix! that she expected Magix City to be full of dragons, gnomes, wizards and shops full of magic wants might be a reference to Diagon Alley from the Harry Potter series which is a place fitting this description.
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Alfea
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Hogwarts

Both Alfea and Hogwarts are attended by the main protagonists, Bloom and Harry respectively.

Both Alfea and Hogwarts are out of bounds for non-magical people

The headteachers of both Alfea and Hogwarts, Faragonda and Dumbledore (who might have been an inspiration for Faragonda), knew the protagonists' parents and together with them fought against the forces of evil as members of the Company of Light and the Order of the Phoenix.

Beauxbatons Both Beauxbatons and Alfea are all-girls magic schools located in château-type buildings
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Cloud Tower
Durmstrang Cloud tower is similar to the Durmstrang Institute from the Harry Potter series in that both places teach dark magic but their students stand against evil
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Disney animated movies

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Maleficent's Castle

The appearance of Cloud Tower appears to have been inspired by Maleficent's castle from Disney's Sleeping Beauty
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Domino

Celtic mythology

The Wasteland

Domino's history as a prosperous realm which was destroyed by evil magic and had to be revived by the protagonist of Winx Club, Bloom, who destroyed the source of that evil magic, is similar to and might be based on the motif of the Wasteland from Celtic mythology, according to which a country becomes barren due to a curse which must be lifted by a hero.
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Pixie Village

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The Smurfs

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Smurf Village

The Pixie Village bears some resemblance to the Smurf Village in the Smurf Comics
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Darkar's Fortress

Tolkien's Legendarium
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Barad-dûr

Lord Darkar's fortress might have been partly inspired from Barad-dûr, the fortress of the Dark Lord Sauron from The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien, and by Mount Doom, the volcano found near Barad-dûr.

In The Lord of the Rings, Sauron had poured a large amount of his power into Barad-dûr and Mount Doom such that, when Sauron was defeated for good, Barad-dûr collapsed (while in earlier times the enemies of Sauron had been unable to completely destroy Barad-dûr because Sauron was still alive) and Mount Doom had a massive eruption after which it became dormant forever, similar to how Darkar's fortress and all the caves around it collapsed after Darkar was defeated.

In The Lord of the Rings, the darkness at the heart of Mount Doom was so intense that even the light of the Phial of Galadriel, containing the light of Eärendil's star, the purest light of the universe of the Lord of the Rings, was subdued and Frodo's will was broken and he ended by becoming corrupted by the One Ring. This is similar to how the evil at the heart of Darkar's realm was so powerful that even Bloom, who possessed the Dragon Flame, the most powerful power of light in the Magic Dimension, was severely weakened.

Mordor The realm of Darkar may also have been partly inspired by Mordor, the land ruled by Sauron. Mordor is a land peopled by evil creatures such as orcs, trolls and giant spiders and where normal life cannot exist.
Utumno Utumno, the fortress of Morgoth, the original Dark Lord and Sauron's master in The Silmarillion, might also have been an inspiration for Darkar's fortress as both are very deep underground fortresses made of many caves, tunnels, corners and rooms.
Hagwars
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Harry Potter
Hogwarts The Suits Gang make a reference to "Harriet Porter" (an obvious parody of Harry Potter), and then threatening to "send the girls back to Hagwars" (Hogwarts)
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The Silent Villa
Real Life Silent Hill The name of the Silent Villa is a reference to the real-life video game Silent Hill
Resident Evil Tecna states that the Silent Hill is similar to the video game "Resident Evil: Doom 2". This is a reference to the two separate real-life video games Resident Evil and Doom II
Doom II
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Tir Na Nog

Celtic Mythology The Celtic Otherworld According to Celtic mythology, the Otherworld is the realm where the gods and the spirits of the dead live. It is a supernatural realm of everlasting youth, beauty, abundance, health and joy that is elusive but can be visited by heroes or by an invitation by one of its fairy inhabitants. The Otherworld is believed to be located alongside the real world and is located beyond the edge of the world.
Tir Na Nog is inspired by the Irish version of the Celtic Otherworld, the island of Tír na nÓg, and its version from the Arthurian legend, the island of Avalon. The Otherworld is the realm where the gods and the spirits of the dead live in Celtic mythology. It is a supernatural realm of everlasting youth, beauty, abundance, health and joy that is elusive but can be visited by heroes or by an invitation by one of its fairy inhabitants. The Otherworld is believed to be located alongside the real world and is located beyond the edge of the world.
Tír na nÓg In Irish mythology and folklore, the island of Tír na nÓg, whose name means "The Land of Youth" and is pronounced as "Teer na n-oh-g," is depicted as a supernatural paradise—a realm of everlasting youth, beauty, health, abundance and joy.

The inhabitants of the Island of Tír na nÓg are the Tuatha Dé Danann, the Gods of pre-Christian Ireland as well as the land's former inhabitants who left Ireland and settled in Tír na nÓg after humans settled in Ireland. After the Irish converted to Christianity, the Tuatha Dé Danann became fairies in Irish folklore, and Tír na nÓg became associated with fairies.

Tír na nÓg was also said to be located in the ocean far in the west, beyond the edges of the world, which could only be reached either after a difficult voyage or by being invited by a messenger of the gods.

There are similarities between the Tuatha Dé Danann leaving Ireland and moving to their own kingdom after humans arrived and the Earth Fairies being imprisoned in their own kingdom by the Wizards of the Black Circle. Tir Na Nog is similarly a parallel realm where the Earth Fairies who once ruled Earth now live and which is accessible only by magic through an island on the west of Ireland.

Island of Avalon The Island of Tir Na Nog in Winx Club may also draw inspiration from the mythical Island of Avalon of the Arthurian Legend, as it was usually associated with Morgan le Fay, whom more than likely inspired the character of Queen Morgana, and references to the Arthurian Legend had already been made in Winx Club itself when Faragonda first told the Winx the truth behind the Wizards of the Black Circle.

Supposedly, Morgan le Fay was said to live on the Island of Avalon with her eight sisters

According to legend, the Island of Avalon was an enchanted island that produced good things by itself, meaning that cultivation of the soil was unnecessary, since fruits, cereals and other good things would grow by themselves, and it was here were people could live up to a hundred years. It was also supposed to be the location of where King Arthur's sword, Excalibur, was forged, as well as the location of Arthur's final battle against his evil son, Mordred, which led to his death. It was said that he would rise from the dead to once again lead his people against their enemies.

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The Infinite Ocean
Code Lyoko The world of Lyoko How things take another dimension in the Infinite Ocean and the Legendarium World and how 3D animation is used for this is similar to the 3D effects used in the animated series Code Lyoko, where the characters are shown in 2D when in the real world, but become 3D animated characters when they enter the world of Lyoko.
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The Legendarium World
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The Labyrinth of the Minotaur

Greek Mythology The Labyrinth According to Greek Mythology, the Minotaur was a part-man part-bull monster imprisoned by Minos, the King of Crete, in a giant maze called the Labyrinth in his capital city of Knossos until it was killed by the hero Theseus
Real Life
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The Palace of Knossos

The appearance of the Labyrinth's architecture is based on that of the Palace of Knossos, which was built at Knossos by the Minoans, a very ancient civilization which had become extinct long before the appearance of Ancient Greek civilization. The ruins of the Palace of Knossos inspired the myth of the Labyrinth many centuries later.
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Asgard
Norse mythology Asgard The city of Asgard gets its name from Asgard, a realm from Norse mythology which is the home of the Norse gods known as the Æsir, and is ruled over by the God Odin and his wife, the Goddess Frigg.

Unlike in Winx Club, however, the mythical Asgard of the Norse myths is not a frozen realm, but a place whose land is more fertile than any other realm's and which is blessed with a great abundance of gold and jewels.

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World of Dreams
Peter Pan Neverland The World of Dreams was very obviously based on Neverland from J.M. Barrie's story Peter Pan
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Marvel Comics

Dimension of Dreams Another inspiration for the World of Dreams might be the Dimension of Dreams from Marvel Comics
World of Nightmares Nightmare World An inspiration for the World of Nightmares might be the Nightmare World from Marvel Comics, within which the Dimension of Dreams is located
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Wildlands

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Savage Land

The Wildlands might have been inspired by the Savage Land from Marvel Comics, which is an isolated tropical prehistoric land surrounded by volcanoes deep in Antarctica and a tropical preserve hidden from the rest of the world.
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Dark Dimension

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Dark Dimension

An inspiration for the Dark Dimension in Winx Club might be a similar dimension from the fictional universe of Marvel Comics, also called the Dark Dimension, where it is the residence of the villain Dormammu and of the Mhuruuks, a species of humanoid extra-dimensional beings naturally adept at using magic
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MiniWorld

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The Quantum Realm

An inspiration for the MiniWorlds could the Quantum Realm which appears in the Marvel Cinematic Universe movie franchise and plays a prominent role in the Ant-Man and Ant-Man and the Wasp movies. The Quantum Realm is an alternate dimension only accessible through magical energy, mystical transportation, or by tremendous subatomic shrinking. Similarly, the Tynix power in Winx Club allows fairies to miniaturize themselves so they can access the MiniWorlds
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The Microverse

In the Marvel Comics on which the movies of the Marvel Cinematic Universe are based, the Quantum Realm is known as the Microverse

Another similarity is that both the MiniWorlds and the Microverse are inhabited and have their own population, with the Microverse being the home of the superhero team called the Micronauts

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Lumenia

Luminia Lumenia and its name might have been inspired by Luminia, a place appearing in the fictional universe of Marvel Comics, where it is the last but greatest citadel of light in the Dark Dimension and is ruled by the character Val-Larr, whose people struggle to maintain light

Items

Winx Club Object Franchise Source of Inspiration Explanation
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Phantoblades
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Star Wars
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Lightsabers
The appearance and functioning of the phantoblades is modeled on that of the Lightsabers from the Star Wars universe
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Timmy's Laser Gun

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Blaster
Timmy's Laser Gun and Crossbow appear to have been inspired from the Star Wars universe
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Timmy's Crossbow

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Crow
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X-wing Starfighter
The appearance of the Crow is loosely modeled on that of the X-wing starfighters from the Star Wars universe
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Hawk
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The Imperial-class Star Destroyer
The shape and appearance of the Hawk appears to have been inspired by the Imperial-class Star Destroyer from the Star Wars universe
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The Lambda-class T-4a shuttle
The shape and appearance of the Hawk appears to have been inspired by the Lambda-class T-4a shuttle from the Star Wars universe
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Ion engines
The propulsion engines of the Hawk appear to have been inspired by the Ion engines used by Starships in the Star Wars universe
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Owl
Star Wars Starships The Owl's ability to travel faster than light might have been inspired by Starships from the Star Wars universe which can travel at the speed of light
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Flashbacks from The Monster and the Willow

Tolkien's Legendarium Tengwar script When Lusiz tells the Winx that the monster is in fact a Giant Turtle, illustrations from a book can be seen. The letters written in that book are in the Tengwar script, one of the many fictional scripts created by English writer J. R. R. Tolkien for his fictional universe and featuring in his The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings books.
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Book of Fate
The writing used in the Book of Fate is Tengwar
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Door of the Golden Kingdom

Cirth script The script on the doors of the Golden Kingdom is written in the Cirth script, one of the many fictional scripts created by English writer J. R. R. Tolkien for his fictional universe and featuring in his The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings books.

In Tolkien's mythology, the Cirth script was originally created by Elves, but later fell out of use and was replaced by the Tengwar script among the Elves, but was later adopted by the Dwarves.

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Wind Rider Navigation Board
Real-life Alphabet of the Magi The symbols seen on the Wind Riders' navigation boards are based on letters from the Alphabet of the Magi, which was used by real-life practitioners of the occult for inscriptions in talismans in the 17th century.
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Earwax-flavored cakes
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Harry Potter
Bertie Bott's Every Flavour Beans The earwax flavor of the cakes in Hallowinx! is a reference to how there are Bertie Bott's Every Flavour Beans which are earwax-flavored in Harry Potter
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Sword of Oritel
Celtic mythology
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Sword in the Stone
That the sword can be touched, and therefore be pulled out of the stone in the Obsidian Dimension, only by a king might be a reference to the Sword in the Stone from the Arthurian legend, which could only be pulled by a true king.
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Solaria Bright Dress
Real Life Lady Gaga's dresses The Solaria Bright Dress was inspired by one of the dresses worn by the real-life singer Lady Gaga in her performances
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Walk Tall Dress
The Walk Tall Dress was inspired by one of the dresses worn by the real-life singer Lady Gaga in her performances
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Ancestral Wands
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Sailor Moon
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Moon Stick
The functioning of the Ancestral Wands is modeled on that of the Moon Stick from the Sailor Moon universe
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Magic Mirror
Fairy Tales Evil Queen's magic mirror The Magic Mirror was inspired by the Evil Queen's magic mirror in Snow White. It also tells the queen that she is the most beautiful lady in the land.
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Sleeping Sand
Western and Northern European Folklore
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Sandman
Sleeping Sand is derived from the Western and Northern European folklore of the Sandman, a mythical character who puts people to sleep and brings good dreams by sprinkling magical sand onto the eyes of people while they sleep at night.
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The Sceptre of Apophis
Egyptian Mythology
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Apophis
According to Egyptian Mythology, Apophis (Apep in Ancient Egyptian, Apophis, Ἄποφις in ancient Greek) was an ancient God of Chaos who was the enemy of Light and Order, and the eternal enemy of the Sun God Ra, who was the Creator of the Universe. Apophis was represented as a giant snake in ancient Egyptian art.

Openings

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Transformations

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References

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